What is Off Page SEO?

Source: Alex Chris  |  Reliablesoft.net

SEO refers to techniques that can be used to improve the position of a web site in the search engine results page (SERPs).

SEO has two major components, On Page and Off Page SEO.

On Page SEO

On Page SEO refers to settings you can apply on the website so that it is optimized for search engines. The most important on Page SEO Tips are:

  • Optimized titles and descriptions
  • Proper URL Structures
  • User friendly navigation (breadcrumbs, user sitemaps)
  • Optimized internal links
  • Text Formatting (use of h1,h2,bold etc)
  • Image optimization (image size, proper image names, use of ALT tag)
  • User friendly 404 pages
  • Fast loading pages
  • Google Authorship verification for all pages
  • Top quality fresh content (This is always the most important SEO factor!)
  • External links (no broken links or links to ‘bad’ sites)

You can find out more details about all the above tips in the SEO Tips for beginners article.

Off Page SEO

Many people associate off-page SEO with link building but it is not only that. In general, off Page SEO has to do with promotion methods – beyond website design – for the purpose of ranking a website higher in the search results.Unlike on- page SEO, off-page SEO refers to activities outside the boundaries of the webpage. The most important are:

  • Link Building
  • Social Media
  • Social bookmarking

We will look at these in detail below but first let me explain about the importance and benefits of off-page SEO.

Why is Off-Page SEO important?

Search engines have been trying for decades to find a way to return the best results to the searcher. To do that, they take into account the on-site SEO factors (described above), some other quality factorsand off-page SEO.

Off page SEO gives them a very good indication on how the World (other websites and users) perceive the particular website. A web site that is useful is more likely to have references (links) from other websites; it is more likely to have mentions on social media (Facebook likes, tweets, Pins, +1’s etc.) and it is more likely to be bookmarked and shared among communities of like-minded users.

What are the benefits of ‘off-site SEO’ to website owners?

A successful off-site SEO strategy will generate the following benefits to website owners:

Increase in rankings

Increase in PageRank – Page rank is a number between 0 and 10 which indicates the importance of a website in the eyes of Google. Page rank today is only one out of the 250 factors that Google is using to rank websites.

More exposure – Higher rankings means greater exposure: it gets more links, more visits and more social media mentions.

Link Building

Link building is the most popular off-Page SEO method. Basically by building external links to your website, you are trying to gather as many ‘votes’ as you can so that you can bypass your competitors and rank higher.

Past practices that you should NOT use:

  • Blog Directories – something like yellow pages but each entry was a link back to a website
  • Forum Signatures – Many people where commenting on forums for the sole purpose of getting a link back to their website (they included the links in their signature)
  • Comment link – The same concept as forum signatures where you comment on some other website or blog in order to get a link back. Even worse, instead of using your real name you could use keywords so instead of writing ‘comment by Alex Chris’,  you wrote ‘comment by How to lose weight’ or anything similar.
  • Article Directories – By publishing your articles on an article directory you could get a link (or 2) back to your website. Some article directories accepted only unique content while other directories accepted anything from spin articles to already published articles.
  • Shared Content Directories – Websites like hubpages and infobarrel allowed you to publish content and in return you could add a couple of links pointing to your websites.
  • Link exchange schemes – Instead of trying to publish content you could get in touch with other webmasters and exchange links. In other words I could link your website from mine and you could do the same. In some cases you could even do more complicated exchanges by doing a 3-way link, in other words I link to your website from my website but you link to my website from a different website.

Notice that I used the past tense to describe all the above methods because not only they do not work today, you should not even try them because you are more likely to get a penalty rather than an increase in rankings (especially when it comes to Google).

The birth of black hat SEO

Link building was an easy way to manipulate the search engine algorithms and many spammers tried to take advantage of this by building link networks which gradually lead to the creation of what is generally known as black hat SEO.

Google has become very intelligent in recognizing black hat techniques and with the introduction of Panda and Penguin they have managed to solve the problem and protect their search engine from spammers. Of course there are still exceptions but they are doing advances in every new release of their ranking algorithm and very soon none of these tricks will work.

To “follow” or “nofollow”

In addition to the above and in order to give webmasters a way to link to a website without passing any ‘link juice’ (for example in the case of ads), search engines introduced what is known as the “nofollow” link. This is a special tag you can add to a link (for example: “<a href=http://www.somesite.com rel=”nofollow”>Some Site</a>) that tells search engines not to count the particular link as a ‘vote’ to the referenced website.

This was done so that you can link other websites from yours without taking the risk of being caught for selling or exchanging links.

As a rule of thumb, you should add the nofollow tag on all your external links (within your pages) that go to websites you cannot trust 100%, to ALL your comment links, to ALL your blogroll links and to ALL banner ad links.

What is a good link?

So, if the above links are not useful, what is a good link?

First you should understand that link building it’s not only a matter of quantity but it is a matter of quality as well. In other words it no longer matters how many links are pointing to your website but it is more important from where these links are coming. For example a link from a normal blog does not have the same weight as a link from New York Times.

The obvious question is how to you get these links?

If you ask Google they will tell you that any links pointing to your website have to be natural links. Natural links are exactly what their name implies–A website owner or blogger likes another website or blog and naturally adds a link to his/her blog.

Does this happen in reality or is it another myth?

It certainly does but you have to try really hard to get to this point. Take for example this blog, there are many incoming links because other webmasters find the content interesting and I also link to other sites in my articles because I find their content interesting and want to inform my readers about it. This is natural link building where a link has more value from the readers’ point of view rather than the search engine point of view. The best way to attract links is to publish content (text, images, videos, infographics etc) that other people would like to link.

If natural links are what I have just described above, in which category do all other links belong?

They belong in the category of artificial links and by adopting such techniques you increase the risk for getting a manual or algorithmic penalty by Google.

Is guest blogging a valid way to build links?

Guest posting can be a valid way to get links back to your website provided that you don’t do it just for links and that you don’t overdo it. You can read these 2 articles to get a complete picture as to when to accept guest posts on your blog and when to guest post on other blogs.

Social Media

Social media is part of ‘off-site SEO’ and if you think about it, it’s also a form of link building. It should be noted that almost all of the links you get from social media sites are “nofollow” but this does not mean that they do not have any value.

Social Media mentions are gaining ground as ranking factors and proper configuration of social media profiles can also boost SEO.

Social Bookmarking

Social bookmarking is not as popular as it used to be in the past but it is still a good way to get traffic to your website. Depending on your niche you can find web sites like reddit.com, digg.com, stumbleupon.com, scoop.it and delicious.com (to name a few) to promote your content.


Off-page SEO is as important as on-site SEO. If you want your SEO campaigns to be successful you have to do both. When thinking about link building don’t take the easy way, but try to get links from hard-to-get places. The more difficult it is to get a link, the more value it has. My advice is to forget about link building all together and put all your efforts into making a great website, promote it correctly and everything else will follow.

Backlinks Remain the Top Off-Page Optimization Priority

Brian Dean of BACKLINKO published a study of one million Google search results. It found that links from other sites (i.e., backlinks or inbound links) remain the single most important factor in helping pages get to the top of Google search results.

In addition, the study found that a site’s overall authority also strongly correlates with higher rankings.

In a Guide to the Google Ranking Factors by Evan Bailyn, he dissected the Google ranking algorithm (see pie chart below). He determined that backlinks are the single biggest factor affecting search ranking for pages, followed by original content, and then responsiveness and meta tags.

The big takeaway from these findings is that garnering backlinks from authoritative sites remains a top priority for off-page optimization.

A Guide to Building Backlinks – Link Building: How To Build Links To Your Website

Source: Shaun Anderson | Hobo Internet Marketing

What is link building in SEO?

Link building is the process of earning links on other websites. Earned natural links directly improve the reputation of a website and where it ranks in Google, and other search engines.


How To Build Links

There are many ways to build links. Some techniques are ‘legitimate’, ‘white hat’ and ‘natural’, and many – perhaps most– are classified as ‘black hat’. Such techniques violate Google’s Webmaster Guidelines and are labelled ‘web spam‘.

Off page SEO, such as link building, can be a tricky business. Not all link building is web spam and in fact, building links is still an incredibly important aspect of search engine optimization.

It is just not the only thing to focus on. High-quality links do not live in isolation from a high-quality product, service or website.

What Are ‘Natural‘ & ‘Unnatural‘ Links?

In link building, a natural link is a freely given editorial link and an unnatural link is a link you make yourself. Both affect rankings in Google.

  • Google is on record saying it does not want to count any link that is not editorial.
  • Google wants to reward high-quality ‘user value add’ content that has earned organic or natural links. They want to reward a ‘good user experience’, basically – and unnatural links don’t form any part of that concept.
  • Google never has wanted to count manufactured links – but its algorithms don’t work as well as they would like or at least, they say they do. So, some marketers shortcut the ‘value add’ task of the job and just build unnatural links to a site. This affects how a links-based search engine – like Google – rates the ‘popularity’ – and so ranking ability –  of a particular website.
  • The more links Google hasn’t classed as spam – the higher you rank – and the more traffic you get. Sort of.
  • The type of links Google wants to count does not scale easily, and in fact, the type of links that scale easily are exactly the type of links Google wants to (at best) ignore or retroactively punish the violation. Perhaps that is the whole point.
  • Critics will say this is because SEO is the biggest ‘threat’ to Adwords, Google’s sponsored advertising channel – but if Google didn’t take action on industrial scale manipulation – it would make the existence of their guidelines redundant.
  • If a link is manipulative  – it is spam – according to the Googleplex.
  • You don’t need machine automation to be classed as a spammer. Somebody sitting at a desk making these low-quality links all day – manually –  to fool only Google – that’s spam too – manual or not.
  • Posting lots of low-quality guest posts or low-quality press releases on sites with a history of spamming Google – that’s spam too. It all comes down to the end product – the type of link you generate as a result of your activity.
  • If links are designed ‘JUST’ to manipulate Google – Google calls them unnatural links – and if you have too many of them – you get a ‘penalty’ – or at least swept up in the carnage of the next negative algorithm update designed specifically to de-rank sites with those kind of links. Ranking adjustments, I think, could be based on how long you got away with fooling Google – and what Google thinks that deserves.
  • The website link building industry was largely based on that kind of unnatural link building activity. Many still do practice those techniques now, clearly, ignoring the guidelines. I know the first links I ever ‘built’ would today be labelled ‘unnatural’ today – and so would my first optimization techniques – but it’s a recognizable trend in Google what’s grey hat SEO today is black hat SEO tomorrow.
  • Take note that if it works to manipulate Google without you jumping through the value add hoop in the middle of that strategy, which Google demands you jump through – it’s spam. In short, it is evident if it is a scalable approach to manipulating Google – it’s spam.
  • The professional services industry, which is led heavily by the Google PR machine, has little chance of deviating from Google’s Webmaster Guidelines for fear of, some say, Google’s heavy handed approach.

How Link Building Has Evolved

After years of Google doing little to combat this type of off-page SEO at scale, even an inexperienced link builder could make just about anything rank in Google, for anything, without much consequence. Simply by creating a 300-word article and building 500 unnatural links to it from (even very low-quality blogs) with unique anchor text, spread out over a few months, you could achieve top rankings. Link builders could do this largely free from fear that Google would do much about it – because everybody seemed to be ‘doing it’ (in competitive niches).

It was relatively easy, compared to today! Industrial scale link building services were dictating the very SERPs owned by Google, just by taking advantage of the way Google works in counting links as votes and ‘ranking factors’.

So, just as many were about to turn the dial on article spinning to blogs up to 11 and go on holiday, Google nuked this and a lot of other low-quality links with the Google Penguin update and an old mantra shouted even louder – earn rankings based on merit and uniqueness, or be punished.

When I say, ‘nuked’ – of course, this practice still goes on.

It can still be effective, but this activity comes with an increased risk of Google penalty, even when you are an experienced black-hat. This practice is still offered, today, as link-building services and packages to unsuspecting business owners – when it is not a suitable route for real companies to take with a single website.

Maybe it shouldn’t be THAT important going forward, to have only one website, but that’s beyond the scope of this article.

Google has a few surprises for Webmasters bending the rules using what they call spammy links. As well as investing more manpower to hand out MANUAL ACTIONS (penalties), Google introduced a myriad of algorithm changes including the Google Panda Update; we think, to deal with those low-quality pages, and GOOGLE PENGUIN; we think, to deal with those low-quality links.

Google says Google PANDA and PENGUIN are algorithm modifications (as opposed to penalties) – but critics will say that is splitting hairs.

FYI I’ve very much simplified these two algorithm changes in Google, but trip a PANDA/CORE QUALITY or PENGUIN flag, and traffic levels can take a nosedive overnight – and they might never come back.

My blog is not a black hat SEO blog. I won’t go into link wheels, link hubs, blog networks, three-way links, tiered link building service, illegal hacks or redirects (other than mention them) because I don’t do any of that anymore (not that I did much of that).

For me (at least) the focus since Google Penguin (and especially since the introduction of the disavow links device) has focused entirely on building something useful on my site that will attract links so I don’t need to build unnatural links and be fearfully looking over my shoulder at every major algorithm change .


Negative SEO

[Negative SEO is the practice of implementing black hat SEO techniques on another site.]

My notes in this article are for money sites – sites you DO NOT want to burn in Google – sites you want to build something useful for people (that makes money). I work with companies who are thinking of the long-term health of their business and who understands that the key to ranking in Google in the future is by making their website better, richer in content and the best user experience it can be.

It’s much easier to get links to something that’s useful, and when you earn rankings, it’s a more stable existence in Google these days. Too many people submit spam reports and too many people engage in negative SEO for me to invest too much in unnatural links these days.

Today’s negative SEO efforts now look almost indistinguishable from genuine backlink building efforts a few years ago – but that’s the point – negative SEO efforts want to make it look like YOU built the links yourself – when they submit your site to Google next month to get you penalized for a year.

That kind of negative SEO WILL work. Seriously.

It was a great move by Google to turn the game on its head – and get SEO fighting themselves to kill cheap linkbuilding.

Fortunately, the truth is, if you work on your site and put a bit – OK a massive amount – of effort into creating a unique offering, you can still win top rankings and better traffic, month after month, while your competition is chased down by Google’s algorithms.

If you are totally new to building links to your website – I’d recommend you focus on creating the best page on the web for what you want to rank for – and then think ‘where is my next great link prospect’.

Or – find a good link prospect with a history of linking out, and create content for them to attract links.

Google might have said recently (when they agreed with Bing) – a good link is a link you don’t know where it’s coming from. I don’t agree with that in every case because I have spent a career looking for links on really good, relevant sites and thinking ‘I would love a link on there’ and then creating content that might get me that link. For me – an editorial link is just that – editorial. If I put content in front of someone and THEY CHOOSE to link to it freely – that’s editorial enough for me, and a good way to track down some links – even today. Haven’t authors always yearned to be cited by the media, and specific media journals?

You can also identify the types of great content being linked to in your niche – and emulate that, to chase down similar links. If you want to rank in Google with any confidence in the long-term, you are going to have to INVEST in GOOD, IN-DEPTH content, and a few GREAT links. If you don’t want to do that – you better hire a great black hat spammer and get some backup domains at the ready.

The number of low-quality links pointing at your site will affect your rankings adversely, and I’ve not seen many paid links age well. Eventually – those unnatural links will catch up with you. Get links from REAL sites that don’t sell links and you’ll soon see results.

I’d rather have NO links and lots of content than lots of unnatural links pointing to a site I care about. You can ALWAYS pick up the odd decent link to good content.

I’m essentially focused on creating content these days – and I recommend you do the same (to start with, at least). I expect this post will stand as an epitaph to my lower quality linkbuilding days of old – I don’t expect to be publishing again on this topic. I didn’t want any links advice on my blog that could hurt someone’s business.

Most of my posts from this point forward will deal with offering a UNIQUE offering via traditional efforts focused on IMPROVING TRUST and RELEVANCE SIGNALS, meeting USER EXPECTATIONS and QUERY SATISFACTION – the essence of search engine optimization.

Because – even after a penalty – you can still increase free traffic from Google month after month without old school link building techniques (or adding much new content as my case below illustrates when I was working on it):

The good news for me is YES – the kind of SEO I love to practice still works – but the bad news for some people is – it’s a LOT OF WORK.

NOTE – I published my free SEO guide if you are totally new to all this, and want to learn more.


Is Link Building Dead?

NO, but unnatural links can’t be the day job for any professional SEO, who has the responsibility for a real business’s website traffic.

Some can say ‘link building is dead’ but the fact is building links (any kinds of links) STILL affects your rankings in Google, in a BIG way, either positively – if from a trusted source  – OR –  negatively – if flagged as suspicious, over time.

Quality content drives the organic link building end-results Google claims it wants to reward with visibility in its SERPs.

Getting and keeping a variety of different ‘INDEPENDENT’ high-quality links to your website is still THE most important factor in getting unpaid traffic from Google in competitive niches not riddled with spam.

For the most part, Google will ignore a lot of your links, and will reward any site with what practitioners call, rightly or wrongly, domain authority, over time, based on the ‘quality’ of the links you have managed to have pointed at your site.

It’s been the case historically that the more domain authority you have, the less unique offering you need when it comes to ‘content’ – although recent Google Quality Updates seem to focus heavily on CONTENT QUALITY, too!

High-quality seo copywriting has never been so important.


Links Like Lasers

Google often still relies on links to find, index, categorize and rate websites (and pages).

Content will always be king (especially in the future) but without links, content can still be a moot point.

You can have the best content in the world, but if you don’t have links pointing to it from other sites, it may lose out to optimized content on ‘hotter’ sites, even if that content is of poorer quality.

To properly visualize this ‘lasers’ or “SEO heat” analogy, you’ve got to accept success in search engines for competitive terms comes down very largely to links – the number of links, the number of right links… the number of ‘hot’ links.

Links are like lasers. A link to another site “heats” that site up a little. Links have the potential to make a site hot, and send that site to the top of the results.

Some links get hotter in time, some get colder, and some disappear as each site is affected by those linking to it and from it.

With this constant shift, every site’s heat signature is in constant flux, and there’s little you can do to it except getting more of the right links to keep your site hotter than the competition for particular terms.

Some burn hot and then go cold, and vice versa.

OK – Now Forget about the links. That’s been worked out – Google’s counted the links, and filtered the crap.

Hot Sites, A Heat Signature and Those Out In The Cold

So Google now has Hot sites in its index, and Cold sites.

Everywhere in-between, Google has sites that generate some “heat signature“.

Hot sites are well known and well linked to and more likely to rank for any term if a page is properly optimized on-page and via the internal navigation structure of the website.

Hot sites are relatively trusted to inject content “directly” into Google’s index, especially if it’s “unique”, probably with a good amount of natural words to keywords.

‘Cold’ sites are not well connected (by links) to any neighborhood or heat signature and virtually invisible in Google, except for very specific terms.

Hot sites are authoritative and trusted.

Cold sites are sites starved of heat, with a linking profile that’s very cold. Hello,Google Supplemental Index! Or whatever Google calls it.

A hot site has the potential to rank in Google SERPs regardless of site-theme & domain relevance although from my observations these ‘irrelevant’ pages can disappear in time.

Over the years – Google has done a really good job of balancing domain authority, relevance and a whole host of other ranking factors to spread that free traffic about and stop sites ranking for terms they probably should not rank for (think, Google Panda).

If its on-site architecture is tuned to promote a certain term leading to an optimized page, it will rank.

Why Google Hates Paid Links

Google hates paid links because it is an obvious way to generate heat signature, and ranking ability, a site might not deserve.

Identifying one or two hot sites, and purchasing links on hot pages within that site, is enough to ignite an “undeserving” site and entire network and send it to the top of the SERPs.

Google likes it natural, because that way, we do Google’s work for it and identify hot sites by linking to them. One thing is for sure, though: If Google were confident they could via algorithmic calculation clearly identify paid links, the whole internet marketing industry would not have been talking about the war on paid links.

An Example Of A ‘Hot’ Site

Wikipedia is an example of a hot site. Everybody links to it.

It’s probably one of the hottest sites on the planet alongside Google, regarding link equity.

Wiki ranks for just about anything, and could be optimized further to rank for everything – (and not ONLY because it’s a REAL AUTHORITY – it’s an INFORMATION site! Many critics ask if this is the real reason Google ranks Wikipedia at the top of a LOT of TRANSACTIONAL SERPs).

Features Of A Hot Site

  • A hot site is one which a lot of sites link to from other sites, all with a different heat signatures.
  • Hot sites can rank for anything if a page on the site is optimized in both the architecture of the site and on-page SEO.
  • Hot sites are a natural phenomenon created by other sites linking to them – the more popular the site, the more hot and cold links it will accumulate. Its possible neighborhood and relevance are just natural occurrences of sites dividing the heat up within a particular network.
  • Hot sites link to other hot sites. Generally speaking, a hot site won’t link to a typically cold site unless that site has content on it that’s nowhere else or is “new”, in turn making that a hot(ter) site. e.g. a high-quality site rarely links to a spam site.

What You Need To Do To Get More Visitors From Google

Let’s assume your page is optimized, you need heat. The hotter a site, or rather page, the better the link for your site.

If a keyword is in the anchor text of the link, even better, but only if it is an EDITORIAL LINK. Most ‘link builders’ build ‘brand’ links these days (links without important keywords in them).

The problem is, the easiest links to find out there are on pages with very cold, or at least very diluted heat signatures.

It’ll take a lot of these to get hot – and now – too many ‘cold’ links could be a sign of unnatural link activity – and they often leave a nasty footprint Google can easily identify!


Basics of Link Building

When you are not spamming the algorithm, and the Google web spam team is not on holiday, ranking in Google today is about patience, ACCESSIBILITY, RELEVANCE, CONTENT QUALITY, REPUTATION, USER EXPERIENCE and above all – TRUST – however Google works that last one out.

It is evident Google wants to reward UNIQUENESS

I prefer focusing on improving those signals above, rather than just manipulating link popularity. A link building campaign devoid of any quality, or of any use (or ‘value add’) to anyone, is not the type of back link profile Google wants to reward with any long term consistency. Google calls that spam, and will punish you for it if it detects an intent to deceive its algorithms. Not that that stops a good spammer of course. I

How to do high-quality link building that works:

  • Get links from real sites to build real domain authority. It doesn’t hurt to get a link from a low or high Google Page Rank page. Today’s No-PR page might be a PR 5 page in reality as Google Toolbar Pagerank is out of date, and not a metric to bet your house on.
  • Try and get links from authority websites in your niche. Find that circle of sites – the hub –  where authorities in your industry link to and are linked from and think about how you can get involved.
  • Don’t worry too much about “theme” of websites linking to you but stay clear of irrelevant sites just for irrelevant links. In fact – going off topic once in a while on your blog can lead to great natural links from unrelated sites.
  • Review the link building tactics your competitors employ to EARN links and think about how you can emulate the better quality strategies you may find. Don’t build links just to build links, or just to copy somebody else.
  • Join social networks, not for the links themselves, but to get your content noticed by the people most likely to share your type of content, to build your personal network, and to build your ‘Authorship’ signal – you’re going to need those for the future!
  • Get links from relevant sites, but understand that ANY editorial link is a good link, regardless of the page and site it is on (unless it’s a negative SEO attack of course).
  • Focus on quality link building techniques and strategies to avoid future unnatural links notices in Google Webmaster Tools which will be followed by penalties that can last – well – forever – depending on what you have been up to
  • Don’t annoy folks with link begging emails and, for sure, not without a good piece of content for them, and don’t bombard friends you make on social networks with your sales message.
  • Help others achieve their goals today, and some will help you in the future. I’ve always found that to be a simple truth.
  • The more people abuse certain links, the faster they turn toxic. Don’t go with that link herd because you, as a beginner, will be the weakest in it.
  • Automated link building or manual link building – if the end-result is an unnatural link you’ve placed yourself, Google doesn’t want to count that
  • Outsource link building with extreme caution.
  • If you want links, you had better have ‘linkable assets, e.g., pages on your website need to be a ‘destination’.


What Do Search Engines Say About Link Building?

Which Search Engine Gives The Best Advice?

Unless you think GooglePlus counts are the number one ranking factor, you’ll realise building high-quality links to your site is STILL the single most important thing you can be doing to improve the rank of an already relevant high-quality page (if you haven’t been doing anything shady in the past, that is. If you have, you need to concentrate on dissociating yourself first from unnatural links).

In competitive verticals – you can easily follow Bing/Yahoo clear linkbuilding guidelines to rank in Google, but forget to try and rank in Bing/Yahoo with this same technique because to do so, you need to use Google Webmaster Guidelines as a rulebook for success, and that will penalise you in Google, which no sensible person wants.

Bing and Yahoo recently encouraged you to outreach for relevant links to improve the rank of your website: Bing said:

“simply ask websites for them”

Yahoo said:

“Correspond with Webmasters of related sites and other providers of relevant content in order to increase the number of links to your site.”

Google has a different view. Google  says:

Any links intended to manipulate ….a site’s ranking in Google search results may be considered part of a link scheme and a violation of Google’s Webmaster Guidelines. Additionally, creating links that weren’t editorially placed or vouched for by the site’s owner on a page, otherwise known as unnatural links, can be considered a violation of our guidelines.

Two of the 3 major (UK) search engines (recently) encouraged you to ask websites for links to improve the ranking of your site, and the biggest, Google, tells you not to do it at all.

Bing’s SERPs (which power Yahoo searches) look pre-penguin and pre-EMD (Exact Match Domain Update) Google SERPs.

You can easily rank in Bing and tank in Google, these days.

Actionable Advice From Yahoo and Bing: Get links from related sites. Ask for links to increase the number of links to your site. (quotes)

Honesty From Google If we spot a linkbuilding footprint we will f*** you. (paraphrased)

Bing’s Position on Backlink Building Clarified

Here’s a post on link building and SEO for “smart webmasters” on the Bing search blog.

  • You contact Webmasters of other, related websites and let them know your site exists.
  • If the value that you have worked so hard to instill in your site is evident to them, they will assist their own customers by linking back to your site. That, my friend, is the essence of link building.
  • Relevance is important to end users… We see the content they possess and the content you possess. If there is a clear disconnect, the value of that inbound link is significantly diminished, if not completely disregarded.
  • If relevance is important, the most highly regarded, relevant sites are best of all. Sites that possess great content, that have a history in their space, that have earned tons of relevant, inbound links – basically, the sites who are authorities in their field – are considered authoritative sites.
  • When probable manipulation is detected, a spam rank factor is applied to a site, depending upon the type and severity of the infraction. If the spam rating is high, a site can be penalized with a lowered rank. If the violations are egregious, a site can be temporarily or even permanently purged from the index.

Interesting and it gives an insight into linkbuilding and penalties for manipulation – we know the same sort of thing is happening at Google too. Bing’s policy on link building

Bing’s position on link building is straightforward – we are less concerned about the link building techniques used than we are about the intentions behind the effort. That said, techniques used are often quite revealing of intent.

That ‘spam rank factor’ is interesting . I wonder if Google has a similar approach – it certainly feels like it..


Building Links Is Easier When You Have Content Worth Linking To

Getting other sites to link to yours is easy when you have content worth linking to. It is that simple in some cases.

Your content should be original, but it doesn’t need to set the world on fire. The more content you add to your site, the more likely people will link to it, today or in the future.

I’m still getting links from stuff I wrote years ago. So the first thing you should be doing is adding high-quality content to your site.

I think How-To articles, or articles that discuss a common problem often discussed in forums, etc. – some call it evergreen, timeless, in-depth or flagship content – is best suited to link-bait (and visitors!).

High-quality In-depth content is always going to get linked to or shared on social, at some point if it’s presented slightly differently, and interesting.

Once you get enough links, and you feature in the top 3 results, you’ll find you start to pick up more and more natural links.

Where to start?

See that little FAQ on your site? That page needs to be improved. Each FAQ could be an individual page with a good page title, which meets its purpose, in a well-structured site.

Alternatively – you could turn a smaller FAQ into a long-form in-depth content piece focused on the topic at hand. You are reading one of these expanded FAQ now.

You need to ask yourself what do people want to know about your products, or your industry – not just your business. And you need to add that content to your website.

Having content on your site makes it so much easier to pick up links. If you have no content, while you can still rank in Google via links alone, you’re limiting yourself in a way you might not recover from. Try not to add content to your website that’s not just about your boring company. Most folks are not interested.

Remember – Google wants to reward UNIQUENESS. It’s a pretty simple extrapolation to mean that translates into unique IN-DEPTH – or LONG FORM, INFORMATIVE PAGE COPY and guess what – that type of content picks up links when it DOES rank in Google.


Tell The World About Your Site But Don’t Get Caught Asking For Links

Google used to say:

Have other relevant sites link to yours.

Then it’s guidelines changed to:

Tell the world about your site. Google

and now:

Create unique, relevant content that can naturally gain popularity in the Internet community. Creating good content pays off: Links are usually editorial votes given by choice, and the more useful content you have, the greater the chances someone else will find that content valuable to their readers and link to it. Google

It’s clear.

Google does not want you asking specifically for links or building links you make yourself because this is a clear attempt to manipulate rankings. It’s a bit slack advice when the key to ranking and traffic success in Google is getting other relevant authority sites to link to your site.

Links are what the web is about though, and it is why Google is the number 1 search engine. Links were about before Google, though. There’s nothing wrong with getting other sites to link to you as long as it doesn’t stick out like a sore thumb you’re looking for Pagerank or improved rankings for particular terms. Private discussions with people you know are another thing, but when I ask for links (which I don’t do very often), I no longer ask for specific keyword anchor text.

If I send out an email, I’ll point someone in the direction of the page, and I’ll point out that linking to it might have some benefit to their audience. On some occasions in the (long gone) past, I’ve offered to reciprocate the link IF it is of benefit to the readers of the other page. I never specify any attribute of the link either e.g. whether or not it is search engine friendly, or not.

If you want people to link to you in a particular way, make sure the title of the page you want links to, has the keywords you want to rank for featured, and a lot of folks will use those words to link to you. I sometimes change the title of pages for this exact reason.

This is presuming, of course, the page is useful in some way!

And don’t send out spam email requests. I have had thousands of bottom-feeder link requests, and I don’t answer any of them. It is a waste of time for most of us – and harmful in the long-run.

There are many ways to skin a cat of course, but this is how my linkbuilding company does it – and as I’ve said before, we’re a content-focused link building agency.

How do you tell the world about your site?

Twitter. Stumbleupon. Facebook. TV. Press Ads. Articles. Blogging. Linkedin.

You pick – but start with building something on your website somebody will find useful.

That is the start point.


Get Links From REAL Sites (Sites That Do NOT Exist JUST To Link To Other Sites)

Links do not have to be relevant to your industry to build your domain reputation (far from it).

The linking site you earn a link from doesn’t have to be an authority in its niche, and it doesn’t have to be the same links as your competitor’s to get the same rankings.

Even if the site is unrelated to your site (and you just bagged a lucky link on a well-managed website) – THAT is a GREAT link.

Any editorial link is a good link.

What it should NOT be is a website (or websites) that ONLY exist to provide links to other sites to boost rankings.

Sites that are designed just to link out to other websites to help SEO are toxic and Google has a bit of an after-hours hobby of going after a lot of link schemes these days.

I think about how I get links from real sites, and the more authoritative the site, the better, of course.


  • You don’t just want a link on a useful links page, but as long as the links page is a valuable resource, and not abusing anchor text, then it could still be a good link – perhaps even a great link
  • You don’t want your link on a page, on a site, openly selling links as chances are the links will not age well, at least.
  • You do want it on a page that’s in Google’s index, on a legitimate website that ranks in Google for what is in the title tag.

Earned contextual links are the holy grail of building links, for me, but if the link is on a good domain, with a high PR and is not abusing anything, just about any link is a great link.

If you want to increase Google Pagerank of your site, you better make sure the pages that link to you have PR, can transfer it and are making your link the focus of the article.

This takes a bit of experience, though…. you’ll naturally accrue Pagerank if you invest in remarkable or compelling content on your site – and that can take just about any form you can think of.

Do the stuff above (and a lot of it) and you’ll have a natural link profile as is possible that will probably stand the test of time. I don’t use that many link building tools to identify opportunity because I don’t want the same links as my competitors for my clients – you just need Google and your brain, in some cases.

There’s many ways to SEO the cat (and I don’t IGNORE competitor research), but if I was a link builder picking through competitors back links instead of trying to think a bit more creatively about building a brand online, I think I would shoot myself in the head. I filter competition backlinks and identify quality linking patterns – but often, competitor research is best for inspiration, rather than bagging the same link.

Focus on building better content, a better user experience, and get links from REAL SITES. Remember that….and you will probably always be ok.


Do Off-Topic Links To My Site Count?

Yes. A lot of SEO & Internet marketing blogs will say pump out a lot of relevant content on your blog, build a resource all around a specific subject.

Even Google says to do the same.

What you won’t normally hear is to improve your traffic, improve the number and quality of your links to your website is to go slightly off topic…. write about anything that is timely – especially when it’s even slightly topical.

News-jacking stories **in related** niches (or your own) is still a great way of picking up natural, socially driven links.

I’ve gone off topic on a number of times to chase links. Because of that, I’ve been linked to by authority sites that wouldn’t have any reason to link to an SEO company.

I had a PR 9 link once because I wrote about something ‘off-topic’.

Recently I was editorially linked to, from a .edu on a ‘slightly‘ off topic subject to an article I wrote two years ago.

Once our site got a home page link on what I can only determine was the Brazilian version of TechCrunch and sent me nearly 5,000 visitors on a link that was buried four pages in on the article (to an article that was a year old).

The link was to an off-topic post on my site that ranks pretty good because of my domain authority – for want of a better word – and that new link will only increase that domain authority.

When you go off topic into less competitive niches, you can sometimes have a better chance of ranking on the first page of Google – and so – pick up natural links even further down the line.

The Best Way To Earn Natural Links Is TO Be Top Of Google!

Ranking no1 in Google makes natural link building that much easier!

If you are the number 1 link in a SERP, you wouldn’t believe the amount of natural links you get just because you are already No1 – it truly is a self re-enforcing effect and can be a powerful way to attract links over time.

The number 1 position truly is a self-reinforcing position especially if there’s any semblance of a natural linking profile in that particular keyword vertical – i.e., tutorials, research, how-to, etc. So – a strategy is to rank for as much as possible from the start – even if that is LONG-TAIL queries – and so that starts with IN-DEPTH CONTENT on YOUR SITE. If you are building links to 500-word articles – that’s not going to stand the test of time over even the next year or two.

These links from trusted sites help ranking your content – especially your new content. A natural link from a trusted site (or even a more trusted site than yours) can do nothing but help your site. I would think when a trusted site links to your site, the trust Google places in your site because of that link raises your trust levels, and while not helping you rank immediately for your main terms, can help you when you publish new content in the future. Of course, if the off topic trusted site links to you with good keywords, you don’t get much better.

The art is to pull all that together in a way that benefits you the most, without giving Google a reason to place less trust in your site.

Now for sure, I don’t go that far off topic and expect to get links that will count.

But indeed, going off topic every now and again, especially with a helpful article on your blog certainly gets you links, sometimes tons of traffic, some you wouldn’t normally receive in your boring niche.

You know you can monetize anything if you can be bothered and take advantage of any page that’s been linked to heavily, but the point is the natural links you earn from this type of activity might well be the only links you need to beat off a competitor.

Sometimes –  it’s surprising the quality of links you get with a bit of off-topic content.


Which Links Affect A Website’s Ranking In Google SERPs?

Any link that sends you traffic could be seen as a good link, but what are quality links, what are good links and what are crap links, when it comes to improving the actual ranking of your pages in Google SERPs?

First, you need to be aware that the quality of a link (that affects a ranking improvement for your site in Google) is dependent on the page the link is found and site it is on.

Is the site trusted, is the page trusted, is the page in Google’s index at all, how many links point to the actual page your link is on, are people going to click this link (that in itself is a good measure of the quality of a real link)? Most importantly, it’s all about the page the link is on.

Just because you get a link on a high PR domain does not automatically make that a useful link.

It’s the page you need to evaluate, and how important that page is on the site.

Testing Google

Google used to tell you through their cache results if a link was being ‘counted’ at least in some fashion.

Google removed the cached message:

these terms only appear in links pointing to this page

While this was regularly an inaccurate statement for the cached pages to declare I always found this information in cached pages useful – when looking at backlink profiles to investigate weird ranking results – or ranking anomalies/false positives – that shed light on how Google worked on some level.

This feature of Google cache was also very useful when testing, for example, first link priority .

It was also helpful to investigate why a page ranked for a keyword, for instance, when the word was not on the actual page.

You could often catch a glimpse of backlink building efforts that worked looking at this – which led to a few surprises, more often than not.

Now Google cache only tells us:

These search terms are highlighted:


Another small window on determining how Google might ‘work,’ at a granular level, disappeared to lead to more obfuscation.

Which Links Are Worth Addressing?

You should have a light mixture of focused anchor text links, unfocused anchor text links and URL citations (www.hobo-web.co.uk, etc.) in your link profile to ensure long standing rankings (e.g., a natural link profile).

What follows is my general rule of thumb:

  1. Your internal links Not THE most important links, but the best place to start. Get your site in order before you get links. Google loves a good site structure with plenty of text links pointing to each page on your site. I prefer a minimal site-wide navigation and a lot of in content links if you have a lot of useful content, and I consider all the time if Google is only counting the first link on a page. Don’t forget to link to your important pages often (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. – ENSURE your get them into Google’s index in the first place.
  2. Links on mainstream news sites, and other types of authority sites – or in short, links from Brands – the holy grail in my opinion – promotion, old style. Purely because they are trusted and have a lot of links to them.
  3. Related industry site (the aim of SEO, and excellent quality, but depends on the site, niche and the type of link – can be very useful) – usually, they too have a lot of links.
  4. Link on a high PR old style aged trusted page – like a university or government resource page – excellent if you can get the Webmaster to link to you
  5. Links from unrelated but non-abusive sites (depends on the site and the type of link – can be very useful for improving your Google ranking & PR)
  6. Link on a blog post (good, but dependent on the site, but easily deteriorates over time as a post is gobbled up in sometimes very crap site architecture.
  7. Social media site links (opinion, I think these are very very weak as a ranking signal in themselves, but they do get your page out there, and that’s how you pick up organic links).
  8. Link on a useful links page (often very low-quality, but sometimes very high-quality – it’s all dependent on the INTENT of that page in question, and the quality of the site it is on).
  9. Reciprocal links (often abused and very low-quality, but sometimes just a natural part of the link graph )

Links to avoid include any link that is self-made and obviously self-made, on a site with only self-made links.

It doesn’t matter if THEY WORK to manipulate Google in the short term – if you use a lot of low-quality techniques, and there is an obvious INTENT to rank using low-quality means, these links might very well cause you ranking troubles a few months later.

I would avoid:

  1. Do follow Blog Comments  – PENALTY MATERIAL
  2. Site wide links & blogrolls (generally low-quality in terms of anchor text transference – used to be good for PR transference but not nearly as useful as it used to be) PENALTY MATERIAL
  3. Article submission & syndication services – PENALTY MATERIAL
  4. Directory Links – PENALTY MATERIAL
  5. Forum Signatures (generally low-quality, dependent on page and forum, perhaps dependant on number of links too) PENALTY MATERIAL
  7. Unnatural Sitewide links – PENALTY MATERIAL
  8. Blog Networks, Directory networks and just about any other type of link network
  9. Any Unnatural Links – Potential Penalty Material, Eventually
  10. Paid Links, of any sort (if you are rumbled)

I will say you can still get away with quite a lot, but actual penalty material as I claim above is all to do with your INTENT as GOOGLE interprets it to be.

No followed links (like those on most blog comments – are not counted as links (though can be used to generate traffic if you link to a popular blog post or comment on one). NOTE many claim Google DO follow nofollow links in certain cases – but I perform SEO not expecting no followed links to have much impact on my rankings either way. If they do – good – but I don’t rely on them.

Remember that links need to be complimented by well-structured title tags, GOOD IN-DEPTH content, and a good site architecture.

It’s not enough to be ‘popular’ – you also need to be ‘relevant’ and ‘unique’.

For me, another rule of thumb is, often, the EASIER a link is, that everyone else can get, the LESS quality it is for you in the long run.


Should I Copy My Competitor?

As part of my analysis, I ALWAYS scan competitors back links to see if they have managed to earn any quality links and determine how they did it and if it can be replicated.

You are only looking for the very best links. You don’t want to engage in any low-quality SEO techniques just to take on one or two competitors. It’s not worth it – you’re probably better off just outing your competitor on Google’s forums (or competing with them with another domain).



Should I Buy Links To Improve Google Rankings?


Buying links that are search engine friendly and “flow Pagerank” is against Google TOS.

If you buy links, you take the risk that Google will penalize you for unnatural links.

If buying links were ineffective, it wouldn’t be against Google TOS. Think about what that means.

I can’t remember the last vertical I checked there weren’t people buying links to improve search engine placement – so the competition is doing it. Last time I checked, they were ranking pretty good, but it’s not all plain sailing.

Google is getting better at dealing with some form of paid links. It depends on what you are trying to achieve – although I will point out again, Google will take you down if it finds out.

If you are buying links, make sure your links aren’t obviously paid links, though.

That is, don’t buy links from prominent places. If Google gets better at detecting these, it’s the obvious paid links that will be hit first.

I can say, I don’t buy links, and I would recommend you not do either.

It is too risky at the moment, and there are still plenty of ways to get links without paying for them.

Link Sellers Are Rarely Discreet

I don’t ‘out’ individuals for SEO tactics, and I don’t ‘out’ the myriad of purveyors of link prospects who contact me every day, non-stop.

Here’s why.

This one takes some beating, from a MIDDLE EASTERN NEWSPAPER:

Hello, The (A MIDDLE EASTERN NATIONAL NEWSPAPER) is currently offering outside companies to purchase links from within our articles. To place a bid, simply send a document with the keywords you would like to purchase, and your price bid. Feel free to search the site for yourself, to find the perfect article for you. Since we are just starting this venture, we have no fixed price, thus you can choose the amount of links, period of time, and so on. We are allowing the first 1000 S.E.O. companies to send in their bids, without the limitation of a starting price. We will accept lucrative offers. Mind you, we also sell conventional links, such as: * Link on “sites of xxxxxxxx” (footer of master page) priced @ $500 per month (6 months minimum). * Text link on the home page priced @ $1,300 per month. * Text link on the inner pages priced @ $1,000 per month. Once a bid is accepted, you will be contacted by a sales representative, to process the campaign’s details. Have a good day, (REMOVED).

I looked at the available links, and sure enough, a list of totally unrelated sites.

Visibly Paid links.

Now, say I see one of my competitors in there?

I could just report the site for selling links and my competitors for buying them (not that I bother with that).

Or I could out them on a public blog.

Lucky I don’t ‘out’ SEO tactics is because I think outing SEO tactics is self-serving and slimy.

If I did buy links in footers like this (which I don’t), I wouldn’t be happy there was an email to 1000 SEO companies telling THEM my clients was buying links.

Would a rival newspaper use this information against you too if they new, especially given the polarising nature of your content (again, not that it bothers me)?

If you are buying or selling links that are search engine friendly you better be doing it more covertly than this….. you need to build relationships to get decent links, even like the ones above.

Start, for instance, with a private email address, and open up a conversation before you show folks what you have got? I sent the email back with a link to this post to see what they say….. DOH! 

Note – expectedly – these newspaper websites soon got hit by Google – the first public indicator being a lack of toolbar Pagerank…..

I’ve long thought it quite funny the situation between the mainstream media v Google.

Some media sites say it’s all one-sided, and Google are stealing their content, are putting up pay-walls, even when SEO have been saying for years about how Google is falling over themselves giving them tons of trust, tons of traffic AND making their links some of the most valuable on the web.

Google uses big trusted sites like news media sites, and their links, to help them sort out the cesspool of the web (when they Google is not ranking news sites own content above smaller businesses). A quick look around some newspapers websites (the top UK ones) and some of the SEO efforts are shocking – they don’t even seem to know how to make subdomains rank well.

Yes, some newspaper sites HAVE woken up to the fact they have massive domain authority and are rolling out everything from dating sites to – wow – low-quality business directories.

I would do some of that too I suppose. I mean Google has made newspaper sites authority sites in niches like online dating.

A quick look around some local newspapers too and you see they don’t link out to anyone, anywhere. Oh wait – there’s some paid link articles to personal injury lawyers lol and an advertising network of links that have clearly affected the site’s ‘trust’.

Yeah – you need to know when to get out of those things before it goes t*ts up as they say in Scotland.

I don’t buy links but at the same time, I don’t think it’s hypocritical to say the least that search engines frown on bloggers selling links and do little to deter newspaper sites obvious link selling tactics.

Some newspaper sites are so stupid they send out crazy link selling emails too, like above,  and indeed, some folk do out them. The fact is – only SHOCKINGLY bad – not just bad – SEO will get these sites penalized in a NOTICEABLE WAY – and even then – only if outed, then a discussion about inappropriate domain authority, in particular, niches might focus the spotlight.

I don’t out SEO strategies, but I wonder if it’s worth examining newspaper SEO in the future. They do make a business of outing folk. Right?

To be honest at this time, I think like a link builder, it’s more appropriate NOT to out others under just about any circumstances, but it is something I think about.

It’s probably more useful to think how you are possibly going to combat mega domain authority gate crashes impact on your business, or in turn, work out how you can look like a brand to Google.

Guess what – that often involves links from newspaper / big media websites.


Are Reciprocal Links With Unrelated Websites Safe?

Many new clients send me unsolicited emails from companies that ask for “reciprocal links between their site and yours”, usually because it will “improve search engine rankings” for both websites.

I can tell you I usually ignore all reciprocal link exchange requests via unsolicited emails and recommend you do to.

I spend some of my time looking for quality links and believe me; I’ve not found ANY in any email as I describe above.

It’s also against Google TOS to do this type of reciprocal link exchange:

Your site’s ranking in Google search results is partly based on analysis of those sites that link to you. The quantity, quality, and relevance of links count towards your rating. The sites that link to you can provide context about the subject matter of your site, and can indicate its quality and popularity. However, some Webmasters engage in link exchange schemes and build partner pages exclusively for the sake of cross-linking, disregarding the quality of the links, the sources, and the long-term impact it will have on their sites. This is in violation of Google’s Webmaster guidelines and can negatively impact your site’s ranking in search results. Examples of link schemes can include……

  • Excessive reciprocal links or excessive link exchanging (“Link to me and I’ll link to you.”)

Now I suppose that’s rich advice coming from a SEO (whose meant to be manipulating search engines if you listen to some of the bollocks some big name web designers link-bait with these days).

Reciprocal link exchanges, like the one I mention above offer NO MASSIVE SEO benefit to YOUR site (especially when they are on link partner pages) and Google says link schemes will NEGATIVELY impact your rankings.

IF YOU TAKE A SECOND AND VISUALIZE in your head the link scheme in place and the relationship between pages via links in the reciprocal links hub scenario, you can see how easy it is to do so.

Google can probably compute and identify that one a lot faster than you can its so obvious. I IGNORE ALL SPAM EMAILS ASKING FOR RECIPROCAL LINKS especially if they are from some company who sells something totally unrelated to my site.

I honestly can’t even remember the 0.1% I’ve responded to, but I assume I did at least once back in the day – I know I asked for them when I started out over a decade ago, now, but that’s when this type of link was of some use.

Usually, they will put your link on a “useful links” page that’s not useful at all to anyone.

A useful links page out to unrelated sites on a low-quality domain is just spam to Google and more often or not the pages your links are on will just be ignored by Google, so there is no point getting a link from these pages.

Too many of them and you WILL get a notice of unnatural links.

Unrelated Sites

  • Should you reciprocate links with irrelevant, unrelated websites? NO – It’s a waste of time and potentially damaging.
  • Should you link out to other unrelated sites at any other time? OF COURSE, YOU SHOULD BUT NOT JUST TO MANIPULATE SEARCH RANKINGS. If the page is relevant to an article on your site, then it’s a good link. These types of links are the currency of the web.
  • Should you worry if unrelated sites link to you? Generally speaking, NO. Although Negative SEO is a concern for some and should be checked out.

Linking is the foundation of the web. Without links, there would be no web as we know it, no Google even, so never be scared of linking to useful sites or pages. In fact, Google WANTS or, at least, EXPECTS you to do this and will thank you for it at some level…. probably.

Bear in mind reciprocal links with a website may indicate to Google the two sites are ‘related’ in some fashion. Do you really want that?

One-Way Links

Of course, you should ALWAYS be LOOKING for high-quality links, whether you link back to those sites or not. One-way links are better for ranking in search engines as they indicate editorially approved links from other sites to yours.

That’s the best kind of links you can get.

I am working with a client at the moment in a global market that makes something amazing a lot of blue chip companies pay a lot of money for.

Their website has a very poor link profile.

We are currently asking for them to contact all these big brand companies and ask them for a link on their websites to the client website because this COULD NEVER HURT ANY OF THE SITES INVOLVED and links from these big brand websites who have bought their products – i.e., testimonial links from REAL sites that don’t just link to anybody,  are good quality links.

We’ll probably reciprocate those links (if they ask us) but only AFTER Google sees the big brand sites linking to us first (that’s a habit) – I use a few methods to ensure this is the case.

The aim is to get the BRAND websites to VOTE for our site FIRST, so OUR search engine rankings improve, because Google now TRUSTS our site because of these new quality links on sites it already trusts.

The brand websites don’t need our links for search engine purposes – all we need to ensure is we are linking out to their sites in a more appropriate manner that is probably more useful to them…. I think all Brand managers would like another good-news-page in the SERPs, so creating a case study for their brand, on your website, is probably better than a link on a links page Google will probably eventually ignore.

Easier to tweet, also.

Reciprocal Links

Scenario: If someone links to my site, and I don’t link back to them, that’s said to be a good link. A one-way link. When you link back to that site, that’s what a reciprocal link is.

If a very trusted site links to my site and gave me a ranking boost, am I expected to believe that linking back to them will remove my ranking boost? I don’t believe that to be the case. I don’t think it aligns what Google is trying to do (when not trying to make money) – i.e., improve their search results for the end user looking for information (and that the vast majority of Google users).

When a trusted site, or a site with online business authority, links to a site it deems trustworthy and boosts rankings to improve it’s SERPs in line with its algorithms, it’s not going to dump that site back down the rankings just because it reciprocates. I don’t think, anyway.

Linking back to a site that links to you is a very common thing on the web. All these links build your sites trust and authority in Google, which you can unlock with fresh, topical content via a blog for instance – which I think is more useful these days than ranking for some head terms.

Consider the small site that links to its industry body, and a year down the line the small site is a big player, with links from the industry body. Is that link useless? I would think Google is a lot smarter than that, at some level.

I think Google would, at all times, take into account the trust and authority of the sites in question, and whether or not it has any reason not to trust the sites. My rule of thumb is I don’t mind reciprocating links at all, especially if the other site is more authoritative or is highly relevant to my audience.

I don’t use low-quality reciprocal linking between untrusted sites as an actual ranking improvement strategy, whether it works or not.

I never link to a site JUST BECAUSE THEY LINK TO ME, because the chances are, they are linking to ANY site out there regardless or not if it is a bad neighborhood.

Google reserves the right to penalize you badly if you link to one of these, or are linked from one of them.


  • avoid low-quality reciprocal links where possible, and avoid get-links-quick schemes
  • try and get other sites to link to you first
  • don’t worry about reciprocating links with real trusted sites
  • don’t use reciprocal links as a ranking improvement strategy (most link builders focus on one way linkbuilding
  • don’t just link to just anyone, especially just because they link to you

Of course, you could robots.txt  out of nofollow links you give to other sites but, generally speaking, its bad karma – better to play nice, where possible.


What Is The Best Way To Build Links?

The best piece of advice I can give you is to FOCUS ON BUILDING A LINKABLE ASSET and VARY your linking strategy while ensuring to avoid low-quality links.

It’s the only way to be sure you’ll achieve good rankings, and keep them – which I always thought was the point. Remember that what works today might not work “tomorrow” – so it’s worth experimenting while, all the time, hunting for those “quality” links.

Bearing in mind “Content Is King” on the web, no matter how great your content is, no matter how search engine optimized your page is, if you don’t have inbound links, you’re usually next to nowhere in the Google SERPs. Especially in competitive markets – probably because a competitor has got in there first and generated some content and links before you.

But what is the perfect link?

What is the best linking strategy?

The answer is – everybody has a different view of a perfect link, and everybody has different ways of measuring exactly what a perfect link is.

Here’s my take on what I look for when I am link hunting (all, I think worth thinking about and in no particular order).

1. Pagerank Did I say Pagerank? Yes. Google Pagerank is still important regardless of what some SEO people claim. Google (well, Matt Cutts, said (a long time ago admittedly) the easiest way to get your internal pages out of the supplemental index (Google’s backup listings) is to get PR to those pages. A high Pagerank can also mean your site is crawled more frequently than it might be (good if you are constantly adding content to your website – which of course, you should be doing.) Don’t blindly ‘trust’ Pagerank – but it can be a good indicator. If Pagerank is real – it’s a great indicator sometimes.

2. Anchor Text Anchor text is simply the text in the link. If I want to rank for something, and I have an optimized page waiting to get links to it, I’d like a link with my actual desired keyword or keyword phrase in the actual link i.e., “link building expert” instead of “click here” or something. My thinking is, I’m not trying to rank for “click here” am I? I would be VERY careful, though – Google is on the lookout for anchor text abuse. I would encourage it, rather than overtly advertise it. For instance – what you put in your page title often ends up in links…. so changing your page title every now and again can mix this up.

3. Contextual Link within text, surrounded by text Google can easily spot a long list of links (like navigation arrays, etc.) so I would always try and get a link from within the actual text on a page, so it looks more “natural”. Ideally, the surrounding text would also be relevant to my page. Sometimes the only sure way of generating these links is to write good content on your site to “force” people to link to you (unless you own the other site of course). These type of links are in my opinion the creme de la creme of links (which is why some SEO’s buy these type of links (I don’t).

4. Trust / Authority Trusted sites pass “trust factor”. The thinking is, trusted sites rank well in Google, because they are, well, trusted! (stop me if this gets too complicated!). Trusted authority sites rarely link to spammy sites – they only link to quality, probably related, sites. If you can manage to get a link from a trusted site in your niche, this could be worth its weight in Gold. How do you tell if a website (or page within a website) is trusted? Well, that’s the question that’s on the lips of every SEO! How do I determine it? Well, if you think simply, if it’s all about HTML links, then trust would be calculated by Google by the number and quality of links to that site / web page. Simply, get links from sites with links and pages with links!

5. Relevance / Relationship / Theme How relevant is the page that is linking to you? I mean, if you have a SEO site, are you trying to get links from search engine optimization related websites? Where possible, I’ll try and get a link on a page that is actually about the same subject matter as the web page I want a link to. HOWEVER – a site with massive domain trust that has NOTHING to do with my site is still a very powerful link in building your sites REPUTATION.

6. Hub / Neighborhood Every niche has an authority hub, an inner network of sites every other site in the niche links to. This is the “neighborhood” a (remarkably!) few SEO, including myself, harp on about. Getting a link from these sites has got to be a good idea in any campaign, as these sites, that Google already trusts and rates, pass along a portion of this “trust” thingy Google calculates. Linking out to these sites is also thought to be useful, as these links determine the online neighbourhood your site resides within.

7. Any old link! Don’t get me wrong, I’ll take a link from anyone! Feel Free! But links vary in everything from quality and trust etc. – I just spend my time trying to get quality links where possible, and at least from relevant pages. It’s these kind of links that will help you in Google. And don’t think I dreamt all this up myself. I read a lot of SEO blogs on the subject and try and take a subjective view on what’s best for my purposes and what mood I’m in that day and what sounds “intelligent” to me, and I’m always experimenting with every option! It’s always a good idea to vary your link building strategies, so you’re not susceptible to massive ranking algorithm changes when one strategy is devalued. The best piece of advice I can give you if you are intent on coming at backlink building from this angle is to vary your linking strategy. Mix it up. It’s the only way to be sure you’ll achieve good rankings, and keep them. Remember that what works today might not work “tomorrow”. While you’re mixing it up, you’ll also make it harder for others to reverse engineer your hard work, creating “noise” in the search engines, but I would be VERY CAREFUL – avoid unnatural links.

The aim is to get sites with more domain trust to link to you so your domain trust will increase.

Why Vary Anchor Text When Building Links?

The theory is simple. Mix up your anchor text to avoid important links being filtered out of your link profile. But it’s got a lot to do with the ratio of low-quality sites involved – rather than just the anchor text used.

Imagine you could see Googlebot record your links as it finds them by spidering sites in real time.


If you consider that’s your link profile, it is probably not that hard for the smartest people in web spam to pick out your natural links (the INDEPENDENT links Google wants to count) and ignore, devalue or penalize you for the rest of them.


Are Directory Submissions Worthwhile?

I would avoid most, if not all directories. If I did submit a site to any directory, it would meet these criteria from Google (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.:

Directory entries are often mentioned as another way to promote young sites in the Google index. There are great, topical directories that add value to the Internet. But there are not many of them in proportion to those of lower quality. If you decide to submit your site to a directory, make sure its on topic, moderated, and well structured. Mass submissions, which are sometimes offered as a quick work-around SEO method, are mostly useless and not likely to serve your purposes.

I don’t think the links are worth paying to be ‘reviewed’ by, and many of these SEO friendly directories end up turning into low-quality link farms.

One thing’s for sure, most directories send you little or no traffic and on their own in little numbers have little impact in SERPs. Directory links are clearly not the type of links Google wants to count as a ‘vote’ – which render most directory submission services redundant.

In short – I would not bother with directory submissions at all if you’re focusing on creating good content on your site.

It’s worth remembering that just because a strategy may work on some level, it still might get you into trouble further down the line. You’ll probably end up paying the same company to remove the link next year!


What is Broken Link Building?

Broken link building is all about hunting for and spotting an opportunity.

A log time ago (site-wide links are not really in fashion now) I used a very simple method to get 500 links from a PR 5 site with over 3000 links to it. Yes, a real site.

I’ve used the same method to contact ten other sites with the same request about the same matter.

I’ve used this method a bit over the last couple of years.

Looking at the SERPs I was interested in, I spotted an expired, suspended domain that was ranking for a term I cherished. The site was suspended and had been like that for the last six months.

There was no content on the site, so I knew immediately it was the strength of the incoming back links alone that was keeping this high.

I could of course look to buy the expired domain (but it belongs to a competitor – I’m sure if I expressed a value in it I’d lose out!).

I ran the expired suspended domain through a back link checker, identified the most powerful links, contacted the site owners in question and explained to them:

  1. They were linking to a dead site (and had been that way for six months)
  2. I had the same (perhaps better and more up-to-date) content on a site that they could link to if they wished.

Not only did I get a friendly email thanking me for pointing out they had broken links on their site (broken links are never a good thing), I now have 500 new links on a real site pointing to my site.

Backlink creation for me is all about opportunity – spotting it and actioning it to get real back links from real sites. If you can see a win-win (something as simple as links in return for pointing out another site has broken links on it) jump on it. If you can’t see win-wins – you’re not a link builder – hire somebody.

By the way, the result is I now rank and that suspended domain has sunk – oops 🙂

TIP – Find a site you want a link from, spider it, find broken links – see if you have content that matches it.

Email them (and send them the list of all the broken links).

It’s not as easy to find such sites in Google today – but there are many sites out there that discuss this in more detail.

TIP – You can also often find potential broken links in Google Analytics, by looking into any old pages on the site that have been deleted or moved. This process is called backlink reclamation.


Do I Want A Link On ‘Links To Useful Sites’ Pages?

Consider how much value these links are, especially if there are lots (100+) of links on there – as any benefit to your site could be microscopic (and potentially damaging to your rankings if the site in question is of a very low-quality).

Do not buy any of these types of links, and I would AVOID like the plague any of these types of pages where you can spot obvious anchor text abuse, often to unrelated sites.

When you have a choice of where a link is going, don’t just take a link from “useful links” pages, unless the ‘useful links’ page is a on a reputable site, with a lot of back-links itself. The more relevant the page is to your business, the better.

There are some indications the ‘useful links’ pages is, after all, helpful’ link:

  • Check if the links page is indexed by Google at all utilizing the info operator –  info:www.hobo-web.co.uk
  • Consider how authoritative the site is. Is it an important site within your industry or known as a reputable source throughout the world? (If it is, get a link if you can!)
  • Check the Google Toolbar Pagerank of the actual page the link is going to feature on – not just the PR of the home page. Note that Pagerank, or what we see of it, is not a 100% positive proof of the reputation of a website, but it might be an indicator of recent quality.
  • Check how many backlinks point to the links page from within the actual site (my favourite linkbuilding tool is probably Majestic SEO, reviewed on my list of the best SEO tools

Links pages can be a useful target for any link hunter if the page is on a very authoritative site, but a lot of link pages go the way of the Dodo within time.


Avoid Article Marketing Syndication

Article syndication (for search engine optimization purposes) is a big no-no for me. You just don’t know where that article will end up, or on how many low-quality sites.

I’ve learned to live without it, after a few years of abusing it a little. I still think the place for your articles should be on your blog, on the whole, to attract traffic and links, and to build your reputation as an authority.

I’ve always found article syndication useful for finding the odd trusted site willing to link to your content, albeit on a more trusted domain than your own. I once wrote an article that had a signature link back to my site, and while testing how well it had penetrated the SERPs and in how many instances, there was one trusted domain with the content republished, and THAT had attracted a link from a then PR 9 page on a very old trusted site. Bonus!

I immediately contacted the PR 9 (page) site owners and asked them to link to the source of the article, on my site, and they did – which was nice. I also found another couple of sites that were willing to link to that kind of content for future reference. The moral of the story is – track where your content is being published if you publish a lot of it, and watch out article syndication does not backfire on you, if you’re using it for SEO purposes.

Be wary of extremely low coast article marketing services, article submissions services & free press releases. In today’s SEO, you do not want your article links duplicated across only low-quality domains – and that is where most of these type of articles end up.

Use sparingly and with GREAT caution. The problem is – you lose control of where you syndicate your articles to, and that can turn problematic very quickly. I avoid article submission sites these days. Period.

The first place for your articles is your blog, next, it’s getting those article noticed via social media sites.


Avoid Low-Quality Press Releases & Advertorials

Some traditional companies create press releases and don’t think for a minute how these could be used to successfully promote their website when syndicated online. Every time you send out a press release, you should be ensuring you’re getting a few things right.

For instance, you should know by now you should always include your web address – but you should also include a ‘nofollow’ tag on any links.

A big thing to remember to watch Google doesn’t think you’re intent is to spam their algorithm with press releases. A responsible press release agency will add rel=nofollow to your links to prevent it from passing Pagerank (and possibly prevent you from getting an unnatural links notice, in the future).

Google wants the secondary links (from buzz about the news in your press releases) to count toward your ranking, not the actual press release links.

Example: If I were sending out a press release to a third party and relying on them to publish it (which I don’t but hey!) I’d previously ensure my web address was in it. I’d ensure my website address was written in the correct manner i.e., http://www.hobo-web.co.uk (with the http:// because on some sites they’ll automatically make this a link.)

Your web address appearing just like www.hobo-web.co.uk (not a clickable link) won’t obviously help in Google rankings when compared to an HTML link.

Be careful publishing too many press releases without rel=nofollow on the links.

Stay WELL AWAY from anchor text rich article marketing, press releases and advertorials. Google made that clear when they added the following to their guidelines about what not to do:

Links with optimized anchor text in articles or press releases distributed on other sites.

Google published a pretty comprehensive video on advertorials, too (above).


Are Social Shares the ‘New Links‘?

Are tweets or Facebook likes the new links?

No. Not for me, just yet….. I don’t think Google is about to throw away it’s multi-billion a quarter link-count scraper to rank tweets above links. Not just now, and not in isolation.

The idea of people picking the best sites, rather than counting links the traditional way, is an ideal situation, of course. Google certainly has lots of manual quality raters.

But I don’t see much real evidence of this in competitive verticals so I need to say traditional links are still relied on HEAVILY, by Google at the very least – and what I would prefer if given a choice.

While I don’t think I see much of evidence of tweets having a massive impact (compared to traditional HTML links) in Google’s competitive SERPs – it is worth considering what search engines SAY they are working towards with regards to social ‘buzz’:

The following table was compiled by web SEO analytics based on an article (some time ago now) at Search Engine Land:

Google Bing
Are Regular Search Results affected by social media buzz? Yes. It is used as a signal especially for news. Yes, it is a signal. Some weight is passed, and regular results are affected.
Are Social/Realtime Search Results affected by buzz? Heavily affected Heavily affected, Authority metrics is used to determine the hot posts.
Are Twitter links taken into account (aka do they pass link juice)? In some limited situations, the data are used. The data are used. The weight depends on how often a link is posted, the number of tweets & retweets and the authority of the people that post it.
Are Facebook links taken into account? The shared links from Fan pages are treated similarly to Twitter links. No links from personal walls are used. Only the publicly shared links from Fan Pages and Profiles are taken into account.
Is there an Authority Rank for Twitter Profiles? Yes, the author quality is measured. Google calls this Author Authority. Yes. Several metrics are taken into account. Bing calls this Social Authority.
Is there an Authority Rank for Facebook Profiles? They are treated similarly to Twitter Profiles.Note: Normally if this is true, they measure only public profiles like Fan pages. No. They take into account only the Facebook data that are publicly available.
Does the Twitter Authority have an impact on the weight of the links that are shared? Yes. The weight depends on the authority of the person. The Author Authority is used in limited situations and it is independent of PageRank. The Author Authority affects the link weight.
Does the Facebook Authority have an impact on the weight of the links that are shared? Similarly to Twitter. The weight of each link depends on the authority of the profile. They don’t use Facebook authority. Instead, to find if something is popular, they compare Twitter & Facebook shares.

It’s clear that search engines are looking at social signals and these WILL only increase in value.

We’ve been saying this for a long time, though. Eric Ward calls it right for me:

the rankings effect can be directed at specific known circles, friends, connections, etc. The one size fits all search result is headed for the museum. Also, I believe the highest caliber most credible link sources will become that much more important as a trust signal for engines.

The rewards from building artificial links will narrow – as the rewards from the social activities increase – that’s for sure.

Even at the moment – to compete in Google organic results, a top 2 or 3 is essential – and you need links from websites to do that.

I agree with Eric on this too:

I’d take the blog post link because it can continually provide traffic, new tweets, shares, etc., whereas a single tweet, even if by an authority, is fleeting and has a shorter half-life. Much more hit or miss.

If I get a choice between a 100 Tweets and a one link on a real website, today – I would take the links from real websites or blog posts every time. The safe answer is, yes, you should be on social sites – and you should be getting your site mentioned on these sites, regardless of exactly where the search engines are on social links at this point – as they will only get better at determining links to trust.

‘Great content’ probably has lots of links from many sources, and lots of tweets, too. I will tell you, though, I am not active on Google+Facebook or Twitter  to help my search engine rankings improve – especially with my new sites. I may use Google+, Twitter or Facebook to get new content INDEXED (Bing certainly follows FB fan pages links and there is evidence Google Plus gets a page indexed) but I don’t expect aged content to rank that much better because of tweets- NOT at the moment, in Google, at least.

I much prefer to use social sites to reach real people, and I don’t expect Google to factor in any ranking signal they can’t control themselves. Would they base their algorithms around a 3rd party metric? It would surprise me if that were the case.


Are Google Plus Votes Important Ranking Factors?

Do Google +1’s Improve rankings in Google natural SERPs?

There’s a lot of strange SEO news about at the moment. Mostly down to ‘correlation’ studies showing Google Plus votes correlation with high rankings. That observation may well be true – but important ranking factor it does not automatically make them, and that’s what a lot of people on the fringes of SEO think when they see these studies. Google +1s are NOWHERE near as important as good link from a trusted site, in my experience.

So I chimed in on Twitter 

“google plus votes are not the no1 ranking factor. You can tell, by looking

….though shortly afterwards, somebody with a lot more clout than myself chimed in too…. Matt Cutts from Google:

Just trying to decide the politest way to debunk the idea that more Google +1s lead to higher Google web rankings.

Let’s start with correlation != causation: http://xkcd.com/552/ But it would probably be better to point to this 2011 post (also from SEOMoz/Moz) from two years ago in which a similar claim was made about Facebook shares: http://moz.com/blog/does-google-use-facebook-shares-to-influ… .

From that blog post from two years ago: “One of the most interesting findings from our 2011 Ranking Factors analysis was the high correlation between Facebook shares and Google US search position.” This all came to a head at the SMX Advanced search conference in 2011 where Rand Fishkin presented his claims. I did a polite debunk of the idea that Google used Facebook shares in our web ranking at the conference, leading to this section in the 2011 blog post: “Rand pointed out that Google does have some access to Facebook data overall and set up a small-scale test to determine if Google would index content that was solely shared on Facebook.

To date, that page has not been indexed, despite having quite a few shares (64 according to the OpenGraph).” If you make compelling content, people will link to it, like it, share it on Facebook, +1 it, etc. But that doesn’t mean that Google is using those signals in our ranking. Rather than chasing +1s of content, your time is much better spent making great content.

Do we always listen to Matt Cutts? Well, in between his PR, there are a lot of truths, too. I think so, anyway…. Do you listen to Moz? This SEO community has a history (some of which is seen in the above quote) of producing, at least, controversial studies.

Read how Matt Cutts debunks Google+ as ranking factors  – see the full discussion here – https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=6243451 

Ranking correlation does not = ranking factors. 

I usually do without “correlation’ analysis.

I wouldn’t be spamming Google+ for votes. Not yet – and hey, do you want to be spamming Google’s social network and not think Google will punish this later like it has done with low-quality links?

Note – a few people have said they will share with me some data on this that might prove otherwise. If I am blogging something different tomorrow, you’ll know I have changed my mind. I will be swayed with empirical evidence.

Being INVOLVED IN GOOGLE PLUS IS important though – and maybe even – a must-have marketing tool for your business:


Is there anyone out there who still wants to say that being on Google+ doesn’t matter? Anyone? Because when being on Google+ means that you potentially can have your Google+ page leap to the top in those sidebar results, Google+ matters. It matters more than ever before. Danny Sullivan – Search Engine Land 

Ten things I care more about than Google +1s or any social media share

  1. Google’s classification system: How Google classes your site – or rather YOUR INTENT, will have a major impact on your rankings. If your intent is to be an end-point of the traffic stop – to make money from Google’s free traffic – and offer little in return – then Google is not your friend. If you are willing to play the long game Google’s way (which isn’t easy), there are still plenty of Opportunities, plenty of organic listings to be filled – even if they are under an amount of ads Google’s top heavy algorithm would choke on.
  2. Domain Reputation: I don’t keep up with the terminology – but this is about how much Google trusts your site. This is the main reason as to why certain pages rank at the top of Google without (many) inbound links and sometimes have lots of social activity noise, and hence why we see crazy articles about social media having a bigger impact on rankings than links. Domain trust – or online business authority, I think – is based on factors I go into below. But getting, and keeping, domain trust, is all important now for real businesses that want to rank in natural listings using a quality content program.
  3. Low quality links: The low-quality links well is poisoned. Get out, now. Disavow them, remove them. Google killed low-quality link building techniques in most of the competitive niches I am in – probably yours, too. It’s NOT just a matter of ‘does this technique” work anymore. Low-quality links are not a defensible link strategy for most small businesses these days.
  4. Low-Quality SEO: If Google has a reason to put you in the sin bin, they will. Usually – they will do this by algorithmic means or lately by MANUAL ACTIONS in Google Webmaster Tools. So if flagged for manual review, your site had better not scream “SEO!”. You don’t want to be caught milking Google’s cash cow for yourself, whether that be pushing limits of technical SEO, or just plain old keyword stuffing. Not unless your business model allows for this.
  5. High-quality links. Still, THE most important ranking factor. Link building just got HARDER, and MORE EXPENSIVE, just as Google wants it to. Low-quality link building is not defensible anymore and WILL get you into trouble, now that Google is policing its guidelines. The game now is to get high-quality links your competition CANNOT get (by hook, or by crook, you don’t want to be caught doing it). This is not an easy task when Google’s PR is making people even scared of linking out to reputable sites, for fear of appearing manipulative.
  6. Original, in-depth, passionate content: If you side with the visitor, you will win, Google says. Ultimately – it’s a moot point if you believe them or not. If you want free traffic from Google, you better get used to giving it free, high-quality content that will satisfy their visitors. Google wants to be the best search engine – it does want to satisfy certain users intent to find information. Google wants in-depth articles in organic listings – we even have new code for ‘in-depth articles’ too.
  7. The correct keywords – this is genuinely the simplest thing you can do in SEO to get free traffic – proper keyword research. Sometimes – having A word on the page can be the difference between ranking no1 and not ranking at all, even with very relevant traffic. THIS is one way Google uses to share all that lovely free traffic about.
  8. Availability of your site – if Google can’t find your site for a few days – you will lose rankings that in some cases take some time to regain (smaller sites). If you block content from Google, you don’t rank. It’s a simple error I still see a lot of folk making – even theoretical physicists can foul of this**.
  9. Satisfaction score – the amount of time people dwell on your site, and the ‘success’ rate of your visitor actions (e.g. did you help Google serve their customer? Did they stay on your site for a long time, and not go back to carry out the same search? And it’s not just visitors from Google – if you want a page to rank – it better satisfy the curiosity of a Google web spam team reviewer, too. The author who created the controversy yesterday about Google Plus votes actually wrote a GREAT ARTICLE about user satisfaction (ignore the title, it is sensationalist and inaccurate, again). The article itself is a great read.
  10. The speed of your web pages: I’d wager this was more important today than first introduced. Google even said that mobile sites rankings WILL suffer if not fast enough(and I have witnessed this I think). It’s all about – user experience and satisfaction. If you make your website faster, everybody is probably happier.

Even as I write those – I can still think of other factors. In fact, I can say I don’t factor Google Plus votes – or any other social share – in at all (at this time).

Google Plus, for my purposes, is a channel to get the word out – to get real links to a post (if I have my SEO hat on). If they are in play – it’s far too lightweight a factor for me to have noticed above other things I expect to have an impact.

Are there more ranking signals?

TONS. The above are some of the main things you can do SOMETHING ABOUT without knowing the most technical aspects of SEO or falling foul of Google’s guidelines.

Google is in constant flux, constant testing, constant UI change. Where you are in the world, and how often you’ve used Google from that location, and whether Google knows it’s YOU that is searching,  has a MASSIVE impact on the listings Google personalize for you.

I am not saying ignore Google+ – there ARE reported benefits in other areas – just not when it comes to ranking your content about other content using more traditional methods.

I just don’t think Google are turning off links as a source of identifying quality any time soon, not when they are raking in the cash, and not when they are putting so much effort into punishing low-quality link building.


LinkBait With Information-Rich Content

Adding information rich content to your site is a great method of attracting natural links from forums and blogs, and the more in-depth the article, the more chance of it ranking high in Google for(especially) long tail variations of high traffic high-value keywords.

When you are at the top of the SERPs for particular keywords, particularly how to tutorials, you start picking up organic links from forums and blogs who see these articles as trusted articles because, well, they are at the top of Google!

When helping each other out, forum contributors often use Google to find an authority article and link to it to help newbies. Often they will usually just copy and paste the URL like so: http://www.hobo-web.co.uk/***** Not ideal.

Sometimes it’s worth it go one step further and provide them with the BBcode and HTML versions of a nice anchor text rich link to start getting those keyword rich links to your site. Every now and again, change the anchor text to mix your back link profile a little. Sometimes you do pick up that natural looking keyword rich link.

Link to this page using BBcode

Check Out[URL=www.hobo-web.co.uk/blog-forum-baiting-get-anchor-text-rich-links/]
 Blog & Forum Baiting - Get Anchor Text Rich Links From Forums & Blogs[/URL]
on the Hobo website.

Link to this page using HTML

Take a look at <a href="
Blog & Forum Baiting - Get Anchor Text Rich Links</a> on Hobo.

I have used this with varying degrees of success in the past. Might work for some of your very best articles, especially if desperate to get particular anchor text in your profile.

I wouldn’t overdo this, though. I wouldn’t over do anything these days.

It’s kind of the same strategy as the now more traditional INFO-GRAPHIC.

Social media platforms have all but replaced the old forums – but some can STILL drive a lot of traffic, and some can also offer some SEO value. If you do nothing else to help people share your content – ADD SOCIAL MEDIA BUTTONS for the most appropriate social media channels. Those links themselves might not carry much weight, but secondary links from such activity can.

A few years back Lyndon Antcliff  was kind enough to share some insights of ‘Linkbait’ – or ‘Baiting Links’ using social media – and that advice is still sensible.

Social media marketing is more complicated than you think, in certain ways it’s simple, but you have to adapt tactics to suit the situation and that’s wear instinct is important.

Five things you need to think about before you post a piece of linkbait:

  1. Headline: I would say the headline is the most important as if you don’t have this you have nothing. But a good headline can still get people to look at bad content.
  2. Formatting: This is actually quite important, by formatting I mean the way the thing looks. There are specific looks which certain people associate with something they would like to link to, the aim is to emulate the “look”, which is different to different target groups.
  3. Images: The web is multimedia, so use it. A great picture can do the work for you, a video even more so. If you can get an image in your linkbait do it, but not everyone has a good eye, check it with friends you know will tell you it’s crap if it is before you press submit.
  4. Audience: Absolutely crucial, you have to know who the piece is intended for. You have to craft your idea to be able to fit snuggly into the minds of your intended audience.
  5. Spelling: I work very fast, so I make a lot of spelling mistakes, and I don’t usually bother with grammar. But diggers, for example are Nazis for grammar and spelling, so if you want anything dugg, it’s best to triple check.

If you are new to social media marketing, check out this: How To Get Started in Social Media 


How To Get Local Links

A quality link for me is an editorial link on a real site – a site that’s been around for years.

The site in question is well linked to itself, and doesn’t sell links – and is careful who they link to. These sites are kind of hard to get links from – but that’s the point…

Strategy? Well, you live somewhere. You live in a town or a city, in a region, in a wider region. Just type these three regions – one at a time – into Google, and Google will return a list of potential link partners. Hundreds of them. Live in the wilderness? Look at your nearest city.

Deployment? Offer a discount, or give away stuff (Google does this) for a mention on their site IF they don’t have any real reason to link to you.

Other sites will link to your site if you give them a reason to:

  1. Your local Council – a lot of council sites have local business directories
  2. Your local College or University – offer a student discount
  3. Your local Chamber of Commerce – join, or offer a discount to members
  4. Your local Newspaper – you should always be trying to get a mention in the local press – consider a competition
  5. Local football club & supporters club – discount = mention on their site
  6. Local sports clubs – there’s a ton of them in every town usually with crusty old sites – offer them a discount, donate or sponsor them for a mention on their site.
  7. Local Business Directories – More often than not, somebody has built a local biz directory covering your local area. Get in there, as long as they are not a low-quality directory just made to spam Google.
  8. Local faith groups or other local community groups – When it comes to business, I have no denomination. Discount anybody?
  9. Local charities – a link you can probably buy! Sponsor a charity site for a mention – Google would be MEAN to penalize this sort of link buying on a small-scale – and anyway, their attention is probably on bigger sites.
  10. Local businesses – offer a discount to staff

These links aren’t all easy to get and will take time to get (if you’re comparing them to how fast you can buy or get links on sites these days that offer no value to your site in the long term). See what I did there.

So while your competitors are off buying links on crap third world domain hosting companies, submitting to 100,000 useless search engines, submitting to 100 useless directories, spamming do follow blogs and forums or hiring a social media consultant to get 10,000 non-paying visitors from Stumbleupon or Facebook etc., YOU are picking up nice little, quality long-term links on trusted sites that probably are not being abused, and will fly right under any Google manipulation-radar, and all will help to build your domain authority and trust in Google results pages. And all these kind of links above can be mixed and match to a national campaign if you know how to scale your efforts in a sensible manner.

These are good links for beginners to chase down – but remember – the best links will need some GREAT CONTENT to point to.

When hunting for links – I always remember some advice Jim Boykin gave me:

Well, if I were to see a link somewhere, and were ask to value it’s SEO’s worth, then I’d look at the page where the link is located on, and compare it where that link links to. From the “ad” page, I’d see what percent of the internal links link to that page, then I’d check the internal link text used to link to that page, then I’d check external links to that page, and link text used from other sites that link to that page, then I’d look at the title tag of the page, then I’d look at the content of that page, I could peek at the age of the url, edu’s, edu’s to page, other links on that page (co-citation), related pages of that page, and a few other things too….there’s tons you can analyze, and all have a certain value. In the end it comes to “you get what you can get”, it’s not always the “perfect link”.


Avoid Low-Quality Links

When you build a wall, you do it bit by bit, with the same kind of identical bricks until you have a lot of bricks that all look the same… presto, you have a wall. That’s building. You can’t build links that way in 2016 and EXPECT to win the ranking wars in Google as Google is actively fighting you.

Your ‘bricks’ kind of need to be different, ‘brick’ to ‘brick’, to avoid annoying Google or a competitor. There’s a thought out there. Get 200 or 300 or 400 links and you’ll rank. So it’s natural that you think I’ll buy some links from that mob (and I mean mob) for $200, and I’m sorted.

You’re not. Those cheap link building efforts are s*&t (sorry, no other word to describe it). Depending on how good the search engine optimization company is of course – there’s different varying colours of s*&t but generally speaking, you stand in it when you open your email, and it says:

We noticed you don’t rank for any of your keywords. We are an expert link building company…..

They’ll come from spammy blog and forum comments that might hurt your brand or web hosting companies with an obvious unnatural paid link profile.

Even if they are decent at their job – a competitor will just report you for buying links if you do it too much. It will stick out like a sore thumb you’re buying links, and that’s against Google TOS. Stop thinking about building links. Start thinking of creating and promoting useful content. Beware buying any ‘affordable’ link building service promising you guaranteed top rankings, even if they do have apparently great reviews on forums or blogs.

There’s no automated link building program that will not get you penalized, eventually, in my experience, but maybe I wasn’t doing it properly.

Conversely, I’d give advanced link building courses a miss too, and just focus on making your site a better landing page. Free link building software will probably have lots of free software you don’t know you’re installing on your PC.


Earn Media Links

I love picking up media links. The best way to get them is to be an authority on a subject, and that usually means WRITING posts that illustrate some expertise on the matter. A PR agency is a great way of getting you these types of links – they have the contacts. Legitimate PR is one of the most valuable assets in your link earning strategy.

I also like trying to get (or give) testimonials for links although I don’t over do it – and I would only do it for products I like.


The Perfect Link Request Email

First, there’s probably no PERFECT link request email. 🙂 but here’s how I do it (for the Hobo site, every so often).

  • I don’t send that many out – only one in the last year – which I got.
  • I keep the email short and to the point
  • I use a title like “FAO Organization Website Name” Website
  • I never automate them – each one is crafted personally and (much like the blog) in a laid back manner.
  • I CORRECTLY IDENTIFY the exact PAGE I want a link on (after identifying it’s a good page (and yes, Pagerank comes into it regardless of what others say but I also look to see if that page ranks high, gets traffic and is itself internally (at least) well linked to.
  • It’s never a low-quality links page I want my link on
  • I never ask for links on their home page.
  • I never ask them to link to my home page.
  • I also correctly IDENTIFY if they have a habit of linking out to relevant articles.
  • I always provide them with the URL I desire them to link to
  • I ALWAYS have a piece of content that’s of value and WORTH linking to – after all, I wouldn’t link to pap.
  • I NEVER specify anchor text that should be used.
  • I NEVER even mention reciprocal links
  • I only contact them once (ok, maybe twice over the course of a year, as it turned out)
  • I am honest as to who I am when doing it for myself

Most importantly – I am honest about why I want a link.

I don’t tell them it will help them, I tell them (usually) it’s more up to date information than they currently link to and it will help us and might be useful to their readers. And it is. I don’t tell them it will help their rankings, or that I was “browsing the web and came across their site”.

I’m not exactly sure what above is the ‘killer’, but this method works more often than not. Lastly, if I spot something amiss on their site, I’ll point it out in a friendly manner, and tell them to contact me if they need any assistance in the subject of what I do – SEO. Not exactly rocket science is it.



Don’t let anyone tell you ‘link building is dead’ – because that’s not true.

You SHOULD STILL be thinking of WHERE your NEXT BEST LINK should be coming from – it’s incredibly important if you have no links. You should avoid unnatural links.

I’d focus on building better in-depth content than your competitors have, and spend time making friends online who might throw you a bone and share your content, so you have a chance of picking up those EDITORIAL LINKS you need to rank in Google with.

I would certainly avoid like the plague link building packages with promises of guaranteed ranking – even with ‘no footprint’ claims  – even those you spot on AdWords. Those are VERY rarely going to be expert black hats pimping those services – and often – the end-result is your site will ‘burn’. If you don’t want to jump through all these hoops and avoid penalties – get some aged domains together for your business and hire a good black hat – it’s redirect, burn and churn time – but look out – Google is out to burn you 🙂


Additional Methods for Getting High Quality Backlinks

How to Get High Quality Backlinks (Without Guest Posting) 

Source: Brian Dean  |  BACKLINKO

You already know that the only way to move your site to the top of Google is to build high quality backlinks (and lots of them).

That much is clear.

But how do you find authoritative sites that might want to link to you?

And how do you get them to actually add your link…without bribing them with a guest post, link exchange or cash?

Well, that’s exactly what I’m going to share with you in today’s blog post.

Because over the last few months I’ve been experimenting with a new link building strategy (“The Moving Man Method”)…

…and have some AMAZING results to share with you.

Let’s Start With a Case Study of The Moving Man Method in Action

Before I reveal the step-by-step plan that you can use to generate high quality backlinks to your site (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., I want to show you some real life results.

Using “The Moving Man Method” I recently scored links from…

A DA87 .edu site:

A PA81 resource page:

And several contextual links from relevant sites in the SEO and online marketing space, like this:

And this:

As this point you’re probably wondering:

How can I use this strategy to get more search engine traffic for my site?

The Step-By-Step System for Landing High Quality Backlinks With The Moving Man Method

There are 3 simple steps to follow to take advantage of “The Moving Man Method”.

Watch this no-fluff video to see what they are:

As you saw in the video, the 3-step process is…

Step 1: Find sites or resources that have changed names, shut down, or moved.

Step 2: Find sites linking to the old page.

Step 3: Give them a heads up about their outdated link.

And you’re set.

Now it’s time to break down each step in detail.

Step #1: Find Outdated Resources

Your first step is to find sites in your industry that have:

  • Changed names
  • Moved to a new URL
  • Stopped offering a service
  • Stopped updating a resource
  • Shut down

How about an example?

A while back SEOMoz changed their name to Moz (and moved their site from SEOmoz.org to Moz.com 

After I heard the news, I realized that this was a PERFECT opportunity to reach out to the hundreds of people still linking to the old SEOMoz.org URLs.

“Wait, How Is This Different Than Broken Link Building?”

For one, the links aren’t actually broken.

For example, if you run a broken link checking program like Check My Links on an old SEOMoz.org link, it shows up as working:

Sure, that SEOMoz.org link IS technically working (because it redirects to Moz.com).

BUT the link points to the old URL. Also, the anchor text has the site’s old name.

Which means it’s out of date.

I also executed this same strategy with Blue Glass, an SEO agency that shut their doors last year. 

Even though their site doesn’t have any content (except a “for sale” page):

Check My Links and other broken link checkers don’t mark links pointing to Blue Glass as broken (broken links are in red):

While the essence of the strategy might be similar to broken link building, this twist allows you to find HUNDREDS of link building opportunities that the tools miss.

How To Find Moving Man Opportunities

There are a 3 simple strategies to find outdated resources that you can tap into.

1. Keep an eye out for sites in your industry that rebrand or change names.

As you probably know, Moz wasn’t the first company in the history of business to rebrand…

…and they won’t be the last.

In fact, dozens of businesses change their name or move to a new domainevery single day.

For example, I just did a quick search for “health rebrand” in the press release portal, PRWeb (many businesses announce their name change using a press release):

And found this press release:

Sure enough, that health center’s old URL has a nice dofollow link from Idaho.gov:

You can also use the same process at Google News 

For example, I just did a quick search for “rebrands as” in Google News:

And found dozens of businesses that recently rebranded with a new name or moved to a new URL.

Including sites in the insurance and finance space:

The tech and mobile industry:

And the marketing niche:

As you can see, this strategy works no matter what industry you happen to be in (even a “boring” one).

2. Use search strings to find site features that no longer exist.

Sometimes — for one reason or another — a business shuts down a feature on their site (like Google recently did with Google Reader)

And some of these features used to be REALLY popular back in their heyday…

…which means they accumulated a lot of backlinks from authority sites.

But instead of deleting the page that hosted the service…businesses tend to set up a “service no longer available” page like this:


Which means you can search for them 🙂

Here are some search strings that you can use:

  • “service not available”
  • “page no longer exists”
  • “this website is no longer updated”
  • “this page is no longer updated”
  • “no longer available”
  • “website closed”
  • “service no longer available”

To show you how easy and powerful this technique is, I just did a 2-minute Google search for “this page no longer exists”:

And found this PA47 page from Michigan State University:

This page — and the other pages that used to be on this subdomain — have authority backlinks from:

  • Wikipedia
  • About.com
  • EPA.gov
  • And a handful of authoritative .edu and .gov sites.

Again, when you use a broken link checker on links to that page, they show up as working…

…even though, as you saw, the resource is long gone.

How can you squeeze the most SEO value from these outdated resources?

Keep reading.

Step #2: Find Sites Linking to the Old Resource

This step is important:

Now that you’ve found a site that recently re-branded or a site feature that’s no longer there, it’s time to find the links pointing to that page.

Just grab the URL of the outdated resource and put it into your backlink checking tool of choice (I’m using ahrefs in this example):

And export all of the backlinks pointing to that page or site to an Excel spreadsheet or Google Doc:

When you do, you’ll have a spreadsheet with fistfuls of link opportunities:

Once you have your link opportunities in hand, it’s time to be a Moving Man 🙂

Step #3: Reach Out and Get Your Links

Your last step is to reach out to all of the people that still link to the outdated resource.

You want to give them a quick heads up about their outdated link…and gently suggest that they add your link to their site.

I tested a few different outreach email scripts for my Moz/BlueGlass campaign. Here’s the one that worked best:

And because I added value to their site twice — once from the heads up about their outdated link and again by showing them my valuable resource — people were more than happy to add my link to their page:

That’s all there is to it 🙂

The Bottom Line

There’s no doubt about it: The Moving Man Method is one of THE best ways to build quality backlinks on the planet.